Lokashakti Encyclopedia of Nonviolence, Peace, and Social Justice

1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

U.S. civil rights groups organized a March on Washington in 1963 - 100 years after Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation - in an attempt to gain federal and nationwide support for the drive against racial segregation in the American South.

1989 Chinese Student Movement

A series of pro-democracy demonstrations in Beijing's Tienanmen Square and elsewhere, known widely for the awe-inspiring moment when a lone man faced down a tank. Started by students but growing to include the citizenry at large, the movement was violently put down by Chinese government forces.

Abdul Ghaffar Khan

Also known as Badshah Khan or the Frontier Gandhi, Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Muslim freedom fighter from the Northwest Frontier province of present-day Pakistan. After becoming a steadfast proponent of nonviolence, he organized the world's first nonviolent army, called the Khudai Khidmatgar - Servants of God.

Adin Ballou

Unitarian minister, utopian socialist, and founder of the Hopedale Community in Milford, Massachusetts. Also an ardent abolitionist, and for a time, head of the New England Non-Resistance Society, serving as chief editor of its newsletter, 'The Non-Resistant'. Widely considered the first-ever theorist of nonviolence.


An ancient Sanskrit word translated literally as 'nonviolence' in English. Forming a core part of many Indian religions, the concept of ahimsa was brought back to the fore by Gandhi, who in combining it with shrewd political thinking created the method upon which all present-day nonviolent action is now based.

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  • Bios   ( 24 )
    Inspirational noteworthy figures in the history of nonviolence, peace, and social justice
  • Groups   ( 24 )
    Groups and organizations that have played significant roles in nonviolent movements
  • Concepts   ( 18 )
    Important concepts related to peace and nonviolence, especially in regards to nonviolent action
  • Movements   ( 26 )
    Movements and historical events where nonviolent action was used entirely or in large part
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