Lokashakti Encyclopedia of Nonviolence, Peace, and Social Justice

Catholic Worker

Founded in 1933 by Peter Maurin and Dorothy Day, the Catholic Worker is a group of Christian anarchists engaging in radical service to the poor and bearing witness to violence and injustice. There exist Houses of Hospitality affiliated with the Catholic Worker in almost all 50 United States, and in numerous countries around the world.


César Chávez

César Chávez co-founded the National Farm Workers Association, later known as United Farm Workers. Chávez worked tirelessly for workers' rights and fair treatment, and became well known for his commitment to nonviolence, particularly through boycotts and hunger strikes.


Charter 77

A group of intellectual dissidents in communist-run Czechoslovakia formed Charter 77 on January 1, 1977, and helped fuel and inspire the reform movement that 12 years later would usher in the democratic era, through what became known as the Velvet Revolution.


Church of the Brethren

Emerging early on from the 16th-century Christian Anabaptist movement, the Church of the Brethren was founded in Zürich in 1525. It is considered one of the historic peace churches, and remains important in part because of its place in the ancestral lines of many present-day Mennonites and Amish.


Civil Disobedience

Action for political or principled reasons that is usually nonviolent, deliberate, open, in violation of a law yet respecting the law in general, and for which the practitioner almost always willingly accepts whatever punishment becomes proscribed.


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  • Bios   ( 24 )
    Inspirational noteworthy figures in the history of nonviolence, peace, and social justice
  • Groups   ( 24 )
    Groups and organizations that have played significant roles in nonviolent movements
  • Concepts   ( 18 )
    Important concepts related to peace and nonviolence, especially in regards to nonviolent action
  • Movements   ( 26 )
    Movements and historical events where nonviolent action was used entirely or in large part
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